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图例:摄影构图方法示意[转载]

发表日期:2008-03-13 摄影器材: 点击数: 投票数:
图例:摄影构图方法示意



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给人以满足的感觉,画面结构完美无缺,安排巧妙,对应而平衡。常用于月夜、水面、夜景、新闻等题材。


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把主体安排在对角线上,能有效利用画面对角线的长度,同时也能使陪体与主体发生直接关系。富于动感,显得活泼,容易产生线条的汇聚趋势,吸引人的视线,达到突出主体的效果(例如聚光灯照射主体)。  screen.width*0.7) {this.resized=true; this.width=screen.width*0.7; this.style.cursor='hand'; this.alt='Click here to open new windownCTRL+Mouse wheel to zoom in/out';}' onclick='if(!this.resized) {return true;} else {window.open('http://www.dpnet.com.cn/upload/2008123215136394.jpg');}' alt='' src='http://www.dpnet.com.cn/upload/2008123215136394.jpg' onload='if(this.width>screen.width*0.7) {this.resized=true; this.width=screen.width*0.7; this.alt='Click here to open new windownCTRL+Mouse wheel to zoom in/out';}' border=0>


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将被摄主体或重要景物放在“九宫格”交叉点的位置上。“井”字的四个交叉点就是主体的最佳位置。一般认为,右上方的交叉点最为理想,其次为右下方的交叉点。但也不是一成不变的。这种构图格式较为符合人们的视觉习惯,使主体自然成为视觉中心,具有突出主体,并使画面趋向均衡的特点。
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能充分显示景物的高大和深度。常用于表现万木争荣的森林参天大树、险峻的山石、飞泻的瀑布、摩天大楼,以及竖直线形组成的其他画面。
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画面上的景物呈S形曲线的构图形式,具有延长、变化的特点,使人看上去有韵律感,产生优美、雅致、协调的感觉。当需要采用曲线形式表现被摄体时,应首先想到使用S形构图。常用于河流、溪水、曲径、小路等。
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用景物的框架做前景,能增加画面的纵向对比和装饰效果,使照片产生深度感。


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可分为立式斜垂线和平式斜横线两种。常表现运动、流动、倾斜、动荡、失衡、紧张、危险、一泻千里等场面。也有的画面利用斜线指出特定的物体,起到一个固定导向的作用。
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编者按:








    关于摄影构图技巧,我们曾介绍过许多,这是网上流传的一组图片,规则还是那几条,但图例相当不错,很有代表性。














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以主体为核心,景物呈向四周扩散放射的构图形式,可使人的注意力集中到被摄主体,而后又有开阔、舒展、扩散的作用。常用于需要突出主体而场面又复杂的场合,也用于使人物或景物在较复杂的情况下产生特殊的效果等表现手法

向心式构图  
主体处于中心位置,而四周景物呈朝中心集中的构图形式,能将人的视线强烈引向主体中心,并起到聚集的作用。具有突出主体的鲜明特点,但有时也可产生压迫中心,局促沉重的感觉
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正三角形有安定感 . 逆三角形則具有不安定動感效果
以三个视觉中心为景物的主要位置,有时是以三点成一面的几何形成安排景物的位置,形成一个稳定的三角形。这种三角形可以是正三角、也可以是斜三角或倒三角。其中斜三角形较为常用,也较为灵活。三角形构图具有安定、均衡、灵活等特点。



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关键词:教程摄影

作者:容儿

《图例:摄影构图方法示意[转载]》


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