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The distinction between theme and rheme is speaker-oriented

发表日期:2011-06-02 摄影器材: 点击数: 投票数:

 <p>It is based on what the speaker wants to announce as his/her starting point and what s/he goes on to say about it. A further distinction can be drawn between what is given and what is new in a message.This is a hearer-oriented distinction, based on what part of the message is known to the hearer and what part is new. Here again, a message is divided into two segments: one segment conveys information which the speaker regards as already known to the hearer.The other segment conveys the new information that the speaker wishes to convey to the hearer. Given information represents the common ground between speaker and hearer and gives the latter a reference point to which s/he can relate new information.</p>
<p>Like thematic structure, information structure is a feature of the context rather than of the language system as such. One can only decide what part of a message is new and what part is given within a linguistic or situational context.For example, the same message may be segmented differently in response to different questions.</p>
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作者:linmimi4152

《The distinction between theme and rheme is speaker-oriented》


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