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学习有多重要

发表日期:2007-06-30 摄影器材: 其它相机 点击数: 投票数:


学习有多重要!


                           学习有多重要

   
今天刚刚复习到神经系统疾病时候,才注意到有一种疾病叫做Alzheimer病。也就是老年痴呆症,多发于50岁以后人群。原来它的发病率是与受教育程度有关的。让我颇有感想啊!
      研究表明次病与人受教育程度呈明显相关性:文盲和初中以下文化水平的人发病率较高,而高中以上文化水平的人发病率较低。老年痴呆病理变化首先表现为神经突出的脱失,之后才表现为神经细胞的损伤,即变性、坏死改变。
      人的学习过程就是神经突出的重建和完善的过程,并且增加神经突触连接的复杂程度。建立如万维网似的胞间连接。人的神经突触越发达,神经纤维网络越复杂,人的思维能力、联想能力、想象能力及创造、创新的能力等就越强,也就是这个人就会越聪明。由此让我深深感慨学习有多重要呀!一个人任何时候都不能够停止学习,停止学习会让人变得愚昧无知、目光短浅、鼠目寸光、见识短浅......而且对于人体生理来说更容易患老年痴呆症。
      到时候就真的成了一个傻瓜、白痴、酣包......多悲哀啊!
      所以嘛,一刻的不能停止学习,学习哩事情随时随地扎个整的不过分呐!

Sayings of Francis Bacon(培根名言)

Reading makes a full man.conference a ready man and writing an exact man.  读书使人充实,讨论使人机敏,写作使人严谨.
Chiefly the mould of a man's fortune is in his own hands.  个人命运的模式主要是掌握在自己手中.
The worst solitude is to be destitute of sincere friendship.    莫大的孤寂就是根本没有真诚的友谊.
Hope is a good breakfast,but it is a bad supper.  希望是一顿称心的早餐,却是一顿不足的晚餐.
If a man will begin with certainties, he should end in doubts;but if he will be content to begin with doubts;he should end in certainties.  如果一个人开始胸有成竹,结束时就会疑团丛生;可是如果甘愿开始疑团丛生,结束时就能胸有成竹.OF STUDIES

Francis Bacon

     Studies serve for delight, for ornament, and for ability. Their chief use
for delight, is in privateness and retiring; for ornament, is in discourse;
and for ability, is in the judgment and disposition of business.

     For expert and execute, and perhaps judge of particulars, one by one; but the general counsels, and the plots and marshalling of affairs, come best form those that are learned. To spend too much time in studies is sloth; to use them too much for ornament, is affectation; to make judgement wholly by their rules, is the humour of a scholar.

     They perfect nature, and are perfected by experience: for natural abilities are like natural plants, that need proyning by study; and studies themselves do give forth directions too much at large, except they be bounded in by experience.

     Crafty men contemn studies, simple men admire them, and wise men use them; for they teach not their own use; but that is a wisdom without them, and above them, won by observation.

     Read not to contradict and confute; nor to believe and take for granted; nor to find talk and discourse; but to weigh and consider.

     Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested; that is, some books are to be read only in parts; others to be read, but not curiously; and some few to be read wholly, and with diligence and attention. Some books also may be read by deputy, and extracts made of them by others; but that would be only in the less important arguments, and the meaner sort of books; else distilled books are, like common distilled waters, flashy things.

     Reading maketh a full man; conference a ready man; and writing an exact man. And therefore, if a man write little, he had need have a great memory; if he confer little, he had need have a present wit; and if he read little, he had need have much cunning, to seem to know that he doth not.

     Histories make men wise; poets witty; the mathematics subtile; natural philosophy deep; moral grave; logic and rhetoric able to contend. Abeunt studia in morse.

     Nay there is no stand or impediment in the wit, but may be wrought out by fit studies: like as diseases of the body may have appropriate exercises. Bowling is good for the stone and reins; shooting for the lungs and breast; gentle walking for the stomach; riding for the head; and the like. So if a man's wit be wandering, let him study the mathematics; for in demonstrations, if his wit be called away never so little, he must begin again. If his wit be not apt to distinguish or find differences, let him study the schoolmen; for they are cymini sectores. If he be not apt to beat over matters, and to call up one thing to prove and illustrate another, let him study the lawyers' cases. So every defect of the mind may have a special receipt.


论学习

弗朗西斯·培根
王佐良 译

读书足以怡情,足以傅彩,足以长才。其怡情也,最见于独处幽居之时;其傅彩也,最见于高谈阔论之中;其长才也,最见于处世判事之际。

练达之士虽能分别处理细事或一一判别枝节,然纵观统筹,全局策划,则舍好学深思者莫属。读书费时过多易惰,文采藻饰太盛则矫,全凭条文断事乃学究故态。

读书补天然之不足,经验又补读书之不足,盖天生才干犹如自然花草,读书然后知如何修剪移接,而书中所示,如不以经验范之,则又大而无当。

有一技之长者鄙读书,无知者羡读书,唯明智之士用读书,然书并不以用处告人,用书之智不在书中,而在书外,全凭观察得之。

读书时不可存心诘难读者,不可尽信书上所言,亦不可只为寻章摘句,而应推敲细思。

书有可浅尝者,有可吞食者,少数则须咀嚼消化。换言之,有只需读其部分者,有只须大体涉猎者,少数则须全读,读时须全神贯注,孜孜不倦。书亦可请人代读,取其所作摘要,但只限题材较次或价值不高者,否则书经提炼犹如水经蒸馏,淡而无味。

读书使人充实,讨论使人机智,笔记使人准确。因此不常做笔记者须记忆力特强,不常讨论者须天生聪颖,不常读书者须欺世有术,始能无知而显有知。

读史使人明智,读诗使人灵秀,数学使人周密,科学使人深刻,伦理学使人庄重,逻辑修辞之学使人善辩;凡有所学,皆成性格。

人之才智但有滞碍,无不可读适当之书使之顺畅,一如身体百病,皆可借相宜之运动除之。滚球利睾肾,射箭利胸肺,慢步利肠胃,骑术利头脑,诸如此类。如智力不集中,
可令读数学,盖演题需全神贯注,稍有分散即须重演;如不能辩异,可令读经院哲学,盖是辈皆吹毛求疵之人;如不善求同,不善以一物阐证另一物,可令读律师之案卷。如此头脑中凡有缺陷,皆有特效可医。

读史使人明智,读诗使人聪慧,演算使人精密,哲理使人深刻,伦理学使人有 修养,逻辑修辞使人善辩。总之,“知识能塑造人的性格”。不仅如此,精神上的各种缺陷,都可以通过求知来改善----正如身体上的缺陷,可以通过运动为改 善一样。例如打球有利于腰肾,射箭可扩胸利肺,散步则有助于消化,骑术使人反应敏捷,等等。
                                                                                                                                      ——培根名言
  
                                                                                 好好学习!

                           
关键词:阿闻

作者:阿闻

《学习有多重要》


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